Gum Diseases

gum disease picGum disease is common in the special needs population as it can be caused by certain medications as well as poor oral hygiene. Luckily, with better oral hygiene techniques, which you can find the oral hygiene sections on this website, most of the effects of gum disease can be reversed. In some cases, it is more severe, called periodontitis, and is not reversible, but with certain medications and treatments, the severity can be greatly decreased.

The Cause: 

Plaque resides on the surface of your teeth and when it is not removed, it can harden to form tarter. The longer it stays on your teeth, the more harmful it becomes. Gingivitis is a milder form of gum disease and can be reversed by proper oral hygiene. Daily brushing and flossing will keep the plaque off the surface of your teeth. Periodontitis is a more advanced stage of gum disease. In this stage the plaque grows and spreads below the gum line. More and more of the tooth will be visible.

The Symptoms:

  • Painful chewing
  • Bad breath that won’t go away
  • Loose teeth
  • Swollen gums
  • Receding gums or longer appearing teeth

The Treatment:

  • Deep cleaning
  • Good daily care at home
  • Medication depending on severity